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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 22-25

Myofascial pain syndrome: Diagnosis and management


Consultant in Orthopedics, Rehabilitation and Ergonomics, RECOUP Neuromusculoskeletal Rehabilitation Centre, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepak Sharan
Consultant in Orthopedics, Rehabilitation and Ergonomics, RECOUP Neuromusculoskeletal Rehabilitation Centre, Bangalore
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.1016/j.injr.2014.09.013

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Myofascial pain syndrome (MFPS) is described as the sensory, motor, and autonomic symptoms caused by trigger points which typically develop after muscle overuse. Etiology for the development of trigger points is unclear. The pain found with MFPS is frequently described as a "chronic dull aching pain" and is associated with muscle and soft tissue tenderness. Diagnosis is mainly clinical and treatment manual. The key to successful management of MPS is to diagnose it early, followed by intensive, protocol based, multi- disciplinary rehabilitation utilizing a combination of medication, splints, collars, rest, physiotherapy, and effective use of various trigger point management techniques.


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