Indian Journal of Rheumatology

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 46--53

Outcome measures in systemic lupus erythematosus


Zahi Touma1, Murray B Urowitz2, Dafna D Gladman2 
1 University of Toronto Lupus Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital, Centre for Prognosis Studies in the Rheumatic Diseases, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
2 University of Toronto Lupus Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital, Centre for Prognosis Studies in the Rheumatic Diseases, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Dafna D Gladman
University of Toronto Lupus Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital, Centre for Prognosis Studies in the Rheumatic Diseases, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

The assessment of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is very challenging because of the multifaceted nature of the clinical presentations, complexity of the symp- toms and their variation over time. Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) rec- ommended the assessment of disease activity, chronic damage resulting from lupus activity or its treatment, adverse events of drugs, health-related quality of life and eco- nomic impact. The use of instruments is essential for a standardized assessment of the disease domains. For this purpose, several instruments have been developed and vali- dated, and have been used in clinical settings and research. Here, we review these in- struments and provide an update on the recent developments in the field.


How to cite this article:
Touma Z, Urowitz MB, Gladman DD. Outcome measures in systemic lupus erythematosus .Indian J Rheumatol 2013;8:46-53


How to cite this URL:
Touma Z, Urowitz MB, Gladman DD. Outcome measures in systemic lupus erythematosus . Indian J Rheumatol [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Nov 16 ];8:46-53
Available from: http://www.indianjrheumatol.com/article.asp?issn=0973-3698;year=2013;volume=8;issue=6;spage=46;epage=53;aulast=Touma;type=0