Indian Journal of Rheumatology

BRIEF REPORT
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 94--96

Use of art as therapeutic intervention for enhancement of hand function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A pilot study


Sayali Khedekar1, Apurv P Shimpi1, Ashok Shyam2, Parag Sancheti2 
1 Department of Community Physiotherapy, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Research Department, Sancheti Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Apurv P Shimpi
Department of Community Physiotherapy, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Sancheti Healthcare Academy, Shivaji Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra
India

Background: Conventional physiotherapy treatment for patients with rheumatoid hand emphasizes on single-plane movements and strengthening exercises directed toward improvement of function and prevention of deformities. This may be nondirective and lacks creativity and hence may predispose to a high attrition from therapy. The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of art as a creative therapeutic procedure for enhancement of hand functions, self-perception, and quality of life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: A single-blinded, randomized controlled pilot study was conducted on 17 participants suffering from RA. The control group received conventional physiotherapy while the experimental group received art-based intervention with bimanual projects (viz., origami, paper quelling, clay modeling, and oil painting). Both groups received intervention for 45 min daily for 4 weeks. Pre- and post-interventional assessment was done using grip and pinch strength, Grip Ability Test (GAT), Jebsen–Taylor Hand Function Test (JHFT), Australian-Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN), Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire (MHQ), and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). Results: There was an improvement in hand functions (grip strength [P = 0.042], two-point pinch strength [P = 0.039], three-point pinch strength [P = 0.043], GAT [P = 0.043], JHFT [P = 0.043]), self-perception (AUSCAN [P = 0.043], MHQ [P = 0.043]), and quality of life (HAQ;P = 0.043) in art therapy patients which was similar to conventional therapy patients. Conclusion: Art is an equally effective therapeutic intervention to conventional therapy for the enhancement of hand functions, self-perception, and quality of life in patients with RA.


How to cite this article:
Khedekar S, Shimpi AP, Shyam A, Sancheti P. Use of art as therapeutic intervention for enhancement of hand function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A pilot study.Indian J Rheumatol 2017;12:94-96


How to cite this URL:
Khedekar S, Shimpi AP, Shyam A, Sancheti P. Use of art as therapeutic intervention for enhancement of hand function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A pilot study. Indian J Rheumatol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Jul 3 ];12:94-96
Available from: http://www.indianjrheumatol.com/article.asp?issn=0973-3698;year=2017;volume=12;issue=2;spage=94;epage=96;aulast=Khedekar;type=0