Tab Application Banner
  • Users Online: 661
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-10

P-glycoprotein and/or Histone Deacetylase 2 Regulates Steroid Responsiveness in Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome

1 Department of Clinical Immunology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Nephrology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Vikas Agarwal
Department of Clinical Immunology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Road, Lucknow - 226 014, Uttar Pradesh
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/injr.injr_126_19

Rights and Permissions

Background: P-glycoprotein (P-gp) overexpression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) has been reported in patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Glucocorticoids suppress NFκB-associated coactivator activity by deacetylation of histone by enzyme histone deacetylase (HDAC)-2. Interaction between HDAC2 activity and P-gp expression in childhood NS patients is not clear. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the role of HDAC2 and P-gp expression on PBMCs and steroid responsiveness in patients with childhood NS. Materials and Methods: Thirty-one patients were recruited at baseline (n = 31) (before initiating steroid therapy); after 6 weeks of steroid therapy, 24 patients achieved remission (steroid-sensitive NS [SSNS] n = 24 mean age, 7.96 ± 3.90), whereas seven patients were resistant to steroids (SRNS, n = 7, mean age 10.00 ± 3.55). mRNA expression of HDAC2 and P-gp and functional analysis of P-gp and enzymatic activity of HDAC2 were analyzed at baseline, and at 6 weeks of steroid treatment and at the time of relapse. Results: The expression of P-gp mRNA was significantly lower in individuals (n = 24) who achieved remission at 6-week steroid therapy as compared to baseline and those who were resistant (n = 7) to steroids (P < 0.005). Similarly, the expression of HDAC2 mRNA was significantly higher at baseline and at remission following 6-week steroid therapy as compared to their expression in those who were resistant to steroids (P < 0.005). The function of P-gp was significantly lower in NS patients who achieved remission after 6-week steroid therapy compared to baseline (P < 0.005), whereas it was not significant in resistant patients (P = 0.37). The enzymatic activity of HDAC2 was significantly higher in SSNS patients as compared SRNS patients at 6-week steroid therapy (P < 0.005). Conclusion: The expression and function of P-gp and HDAC2 may affect steroid response in NS patients. Combined therapy of steroids with P-gp inhibitor and/or HDAC2 inducers may have a rationale in management of SRNS patients.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded219    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal