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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 222-223

How to practice academic medicine and publish from developing countries? A practical guide

1 Department of Rheumatology, AIG Hospitals, Gachibowli, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Centre for Rheumatology, Kozhikode, Kerala, India

Date of Submission03-Jan-2022
Date of Acceptance05-Jan-2022
Date of Web Publication10-Mar-2022

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Madhuri H Radhakrishna
Plot No. 446, Vivekananda Nagar Colony, Kukatpally, Hyderabad - 500 072, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/injr.injr_2_22

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How to cite this article:
Radhakrishna MH, Ravindran V. How to practice academic medicine and publish from developing countries? A practical guide. Indian J Rheumatol 2022;17:222-3

How to cite this URL:
Radhakrishna MH, Ravindran V. How to practice academic medicine and publish from developing countries? A practical guide. Indian J Rheumatol [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Jul 4];17:222-3. Available from:

Authors: Samiran Nundy, Atul Kakar, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

Edition: First edition

Publisher: Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd., Singapore

Year of publication: 2022

Pages: 465

ISBN: 978-981-16-5274-9

Price: EUR 49.99 (Hard Cover)

This is an open access book

Developing countries have unique challenges related to perusal of academic medicine and its culmination as meaningful publications irrespective of the setup which may be either teaching or nonteaching institutes. Written by eminent authors with firsthand experience of surmounting these obstacles, this open access book covers a vast range of topics from basic questions addressing the need for research to niche areas such as ethical issues in genetic research.

The book is presented in easy to follow question-and-answer format throughout with many subdivisions making it easy to jump to the topic of interest. While most of medical practitioners would claim an interest in research and publication, few of them are actually able to execute this and even fewer would be eventually publishing them in reputed journals. As the authors elaborate in the initial sections, the reasons and barriers are many, one of the most important being not know how to start. To quote the authors “the need for using one's own resources” is best shown by the publication of this book with the objective of addressing this major lacunae in this area.

The book starts with perspectives regarding a range of topics from the need to do research and publish papers to a comprehensive overview of the state of research in developing countries (Africa, Latin America and Asia, the latter focused mainly to India). Covering several middle and low incoming countries from these nations, this particular chapter help put the whole book in context of need, opportunities, challenges, and practical solutions which this book set out to offer. Section of how to plan a study has several useful chapters including on medical biostatics and its application with many practical tips, including a description of the various software available which shall be helpful for the budding researchers. Topics such as how to frame a research question, a primer on study design, writing the research proposal, and ethical considerations in research makes this section an essential reading.

A further section first deals with authorship contentions and then offers detailed guide on how to write various parts of an original article, plagiarism, and language issues. While a subsequent section deals with other forms of articles such as editorials, case reports, and reviews, a further section provides information on peer review process, publication process and offers tips on how to select appropriate journal for submitting a manuscript. These sections would undoubtedly prove most useful for the post graduates and budding researchers. Day-to-day presentations have also been addressed in the topics on how to prepare a poster, and giving oral presentations and the effective way to prepare PowerPoint presentations. Contemporary topics such as the use of the Internet for research, webinars, e-learning, online publications, various resources available for searching for articles, and how journals are indexed are good. Even for more seasoned academicians, the articles on how to prepare for lectures and starting a new journal will make interesting reads. Novel topics such as planning medical education, how to frame questions and developing robust assessment methods have been explained well. The last section covering medical records, clinical audit and drug trials, ethical issues in genetic research provide administrative perspective as to how to provide basic infrastructure and safeguards for medical research.

This book will help both graduate and postgraduate students as an easy reference as well as help experienced academicians fine tune their research work and optimizing output as relevant publications. The book has numerous flowcharts and diagrams, cartoons and other illustrations which are not only highly informative but also prevent monotony. Suggestions for improvement would be a little better editing, use of more examples in the biostatistics section and providing the references in a uniform format. Overall, this is a useful ready reference for any individual based in the developing world who is interested in conducting or supporting quality research work.


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