Tab Application Banner
  • Users Online: 477
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Ahead of Print

Dual inhibition by phosphodiesterase 5 and 5-HT2BInhibitor leads to near complete amelioration of fibrotic potential of human adult dermal fibroblasts isolated from a scleroderma patient


1 Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Nephrology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pathology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vikas Agarwal,
Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/injr.injr_169_19

Background: Conversion of quiescent resident fibroblasts to activated myofibroblasts by transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) is the hallmark of fibrotic pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Myofibroblasts are characterized by increased alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins production. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate anti-fibrotic potential of dual inhibition by phosphodiesterase5 (PDE5) inhibitor, sildenafil plus 5-HT2Binhibitor, SB204741 in human adult dermal fibroblasts (HADFs) isolated from mid-forearm skin of a scleroderma patient. Materials and Methods: In disease-mimicking strategy, HADFs were incubated with TGF-β1 (10 ng/ml) for 1 hour, followed by TGF-β1 (10 ng/ml)/[sildenafil (10 μM) or SB204741 (1 μM)] or combination of the two for 24 hours. In pretreatment strategy, HADFs were pretreated with sildenafil (10 μM) or SB204741 (1 μM) or combination of the two for 1 hour and later with only TGF-β1 (10 ng/ml) for 24 hours. Real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction for pro-fibrotic (COL1A1, COL1A2, ACTA2, CCN2 and FN1) and anti-fibrotic genes (MMP2, TIMP1) was performed. Results: In TGF-β1 stimulated HADFs, upregulated expression of pro-fibrotic genes was observed (P < 0.05). Expression of pro-fibrotic genes in HADFs stimulated with TGF-β1 were significantly (P < 0.05) reduced by dual inhibition strategy with complete amelioration of ACTA2 in comparison to their respective individual treatments. Ratio of anti-fibrotic genes (MMP2/TIMP1) was restored significantly (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Dual inhibition strategy with sildenafil plus SB204741 leads to near complete amelioration of conversion of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts and thus may have the potential to treat fibrosis in scleroderma.


Print this article
Search
 Back
 
  Search Pubmed for
 
    -  Chaturvedi S
    -  Rai MK
    -  Singh H
    -  Misra DP
    -  Prasad N
    -  Agrawal V
    -  Agarwal V
 Citation Manager
 Article Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed49    
    PDF Downloaded6    

Recommend this journal