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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Evaluation of the deleted in malignant brain tumor 1 protein expression and DNA methylation profile in rheumatoid arthritis patients


1 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory, University School of Biotechnology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Rheumatology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Ram Singh Purty,
University School of Biotechnology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Sector 16C, Dwarka, New Delhi - 110 078
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/injr.injr_181_21

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune disease that progressively leads to joint destruction and functional disability which eventually affects the quality of life of the people suffering from it. Deleted in malignant brain tumor 1 (DMBT1) role has been explored in progression of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and other autoimmune diseases, whereas it has yet to be reported in RA. In this study, we have analyzed and evaluated the expression of DMBT1 protein and the dmbt1 genes' methylation status in healthy volunteers, RA, and SS patients. Methods: In the present investigation, the case–control study of 25 healthy volunteers and 17 RA- and 10 SS-confirmed patients was performed. Results: It was observed that the concentration of DMBT1 protein in saliva decreases in both the disease conditions compared to healthy volunteers, while methylation status of dmbt1 gene was low in both patient cohorts in comparison to the healthy controls. Conclusion : Results obtained from this study indicate that DMBT1 protein has the potential to qualify as a specific salivary biomarker as identified in RA and SS patients. DMBT1 protein can therefore be explored further as a noninvasive tool for diagnosis and prognosis.


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    -  Choudhury K
    -  Gandhi M
    -  Kumar U
    -  Chatterjee S
    -  Purty RS
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