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   2013| March  | Volume 8 | Issue 1  
    Online since July 8, 2016

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLES
Nutrition research perspectives in immune-mediated inflammatory disorders
Garima Pandey, Abhay Kumar Pandey
March 2013, 8(1):30-36
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2012.12.002  
Nutritional transition in globalization accompanies the rapid spread of chronic auto- inflammatory disorders of metabolic and immune origins, amid increasing age span. Rheumatology stands at cross roads meeting the epidemic and the expectations of medico- scientific advances in 21st century. Nutritional medicine is newly emerging interdiscipline with holistic address to sciences, in apparent contrast to reductionist developmental course opted in almost all specialties. The article singularly aims to draw attention of clinical research enthusiasts on the vital interdisciplinary context, highly relevant to advance of rheumatologic science and practice in contemporary India.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub] [CITATIONS]
  894 63 4
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Rheumatic manifestations in primary hypothyroidism
Alakes Kumar Kole, Rammohan Roy, Dalia Chanda Kole
March 2013, 8(1):8-13
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2012.12.005  
Background: Primary hypothyroidism is one of the major endocrine diseases involving various organs including the musculoskeletal system leading to increased morbidity. Objective: To observe the different rheumatic manifestations in patients suffering from primary hypothyroidism. Patients and methods: A total of 120 patients suffering from primary hypothyroidism with different rheumatic manifestations were evaluated. Results: Male to female ratio was 1:3 with mean age of 27 (±4.6) years and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 29.3 (±3.4) kg/m2. Musculoskeletal disorders observed were e body ache and myalgia in 100 (83.33%), muscle cramps and stiffness in 100 (83.33%), low back pain in 60 (50%), arthralgia in 30 (25%), adhesive capsulitis in 25 (20.8%), limited joint mobility in 20 (16.67%), myopathy in 10 (8.33%), carpal tunnel syndrome in 8 (6.6%), trigger finger in 5 (4.1%), Dupuytren's contracture in 4 (3.33%) and tarsal tunnel syndrome in two patients (1.6%). Rheumatologic disorders associated were e osteoarthritis in 80 (66.7%), mild inflammatory arthritis involving hand joints in 60 (50%), rheumatoid arthritis in 20 (16.67%), SLE in 10 (8.33%), fibromyalgia in 6 (5%), Raynaud's phenomenon in 2 (1.66%) and mixed connective tissue disease in 2 patients (1.66%). Other autoimmune disorders asso- ciated were vitiligo in 6 (5%), lichen planus in 4 (3.33%), recurrent aphthous stomatitis in 4 (3.33%) and alopecia areata in 4 patients (3.33%). Laboratory abnormalities detected were thyroid autoantibody (anti-TPO) in 40 (33.3%), elevated CPK enzyme in 40 (33.3%), rheu- matoid factor in 14 (11.7%) and ANA in 4 (3.3%) cases. Conclusion: Rheumatic disorders in patients with primary hypothyroidism were significant disease manifestations and early identification along with effective management is essential.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  695 125 -
A study of the conventional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) among Indians
Divya Agarwal, Anand N Malaviya
March 2013, 8(1):19-23
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2012.12.006  
Objective: To compare traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and acute phase reactants between subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and subjects without rheuma- toid arthritis (RA). Methods: A pre-designed proforma was completed on each patient with RA and normal controls. It included the demographic details, standard Framingham cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and quantitative C-reactive protein (CRP). The values were statistically compared between the 2 groups. Results: A total of 56 RA subjects and 31 non-RA subjects (mean age 50 vs. 45 years, women to men ratio 2.1 vs 1.2, both differences insignificant) were included in the study. Among traditional standard Framingham CVD risk factors, moderately significant elevation of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) and body mass index (BMI) were observed in subjects with RA as compared to subjects without RA. CRP, a non-traditional CVD risk factor, was significantly elevated in subjects with RA. Presence of hypothyroidism, diabetes, hypertension and smoking showed no significant different difference between RA and the control group. Conclusion: An increase in some of the standard Framingham CVD risk factors and CRP was observed in subjects with RA. Whether intervention for correcting these abnormalities would reduce CVD risk, would be a separate research agenda
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub] [CITATIONS]
  713 85 3
Assessing the impact of rheumatoid arthritis on quality of life in a group of patients attending a rheumatology clinic in Sri Lanka
Geetha Wagishwarie Gayanie Wickrematilake, Lalith S Wijeratne
March 2013, 8(1):14-18
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2012.12.003  
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has a worldwide distribution affecting 0.5e3% of the population. We used Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) to assess the quality of life (QOL) in a sample of patients with RA. Disability assessment component of the HAQ; the HAQ-DI, assesses a patient's level of functional ability and has been validated and used in clinical trials extensively. Objective: To find the impact of illness on quality of life, in a sample of patients with RA using HAQ, and to calculate the HAQ-DI. Additionally, to find the age distribution and relationship of HAQ-DI with VAS, DAS28 and duration of illness. Methodology: A self administered questionnaire was used in a random sample of 100 patients attending a rheumatology clinic. Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS statistical package version 17 (SPSS Institute, Chicago). Results: We had a 100% female population with mild disease [HAQ-DI (0e<1)] in 62% of patients, while severe disease (�2 and ::;3) was found in 5%. RA prevalence was highest in 41e50 years group (mean age ± SD ¼ 50.8 ± 11.5 years). VAS had a positive correlation with HAQ-DI. Relationship of HAQ-DI and DAS28 was not statistically significant ( p ¼ 0.72), although there was a positive correlation between DAS28 and HAQ-DI in disease duration more than 5 years group (r ¼ 0.19). Mean HAQ score was the highest in more than 10 years disease duration population ( p ¼ 0.006). Conclusion: In a busy clinic setting, simple parameters like disease duration and VAS give an indication about the functional effect of illness on a patient's quality of life.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub] [CITATIONS]
  690 97 2
REVIEW ARTICLES
How to appraise a scientific paper?
Vinod Ravindran, Gumdal Narsimulu
March 2013, 8(1):27-29
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2012.12.004  
The quality of published research is highly variable and it is critically important for the busy clinicians to be able to appraise published papers and make up their own mind about the evidence that is presented in the papers read. To be able to do this reader does not necessarily need to be an expert in research methodology or a statistician. We in this article present some basic information and a list of questions which when asked sys- tematically would help the readers appraise a scientific paper.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub] [CITATIONS]
  575 175 3
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Remission occurs still only in minority of rheumatoid arthritis while a tight control is achievable in a routine clinical practice e A cross section study
S Chandrashekara, BU Priyanka
March 2013, 8(1):3-7
DOI:0.1016/j.injr.2012.11.003  
The current recommended target is to achieve remission, if not at least low disease activity (LDA) in management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We analysed the incidence of patients achieving LDA or in remission in a real time clinical situation in a tertiary referral rheu- matology centre, at a given point of time. Materials and methods: We reviewed 480 patients who fulfilled classification criteria for RA and who were assessed for 28 Tender Joint Count (TJC), Swollen Joint Count (SJC), ESR and CRP. Their DAS28 (3) CRP and DAS28 (3) ESR score were calculated and were classified into LDA, remission, low, moderate and high disease activity based on the DAS28 (3) score. Results: 5.9% and 21.9% were in remission and 12% and 10% were in LDA based on DAS28 (3) ESR and DAS28 (3) CRP respectively. There was no significant influence of duration of illness, treatment and age in attaining both LDA and remission in our population. Conclusion: 5.9% and 21.9% of RA were in remission based on DAS28 (3) ESR and DAS28 (3) CRP respectively and 12% and 10% of RA patients were in LDA based on DAS28 (3) ESR and DAS28 (3) CRP respectively at the point of our study. DAS (3) CRP overestimate remission compared to DAS28 (3) ESR.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  609 68 -
Research: How, where, why and by whom
Vinay R Joshi, Vivek B Poojary
March 2013, 8(1):24-26
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2012.12.007  
Research is essential for progress. Scientific advances in medicine depend upon research. Research does not always depend upon so called facilities. Research attitude is more important. This needs to be encouraged and imbibed. Curiosity, observation, perseverance, asking questions are some of the attributes of a researcher. Research can explore funda- mentals or be clinical. Discussion, interactions are important sources of research ideas. Simple case reports can be the beginning of a major discovery. Indians are not at the forefront of research. Why? These are some of the ideas covered in this article.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  614 56 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
What is your diagnosis? SLE and Kikuchi's disease: A rare association
Mintu Mani Baruah, Krishnan Narayanan, BS Sunita, Atoshi Basu
March 2013, 8(1):41-43
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2012.11.006  
KikuchieFujimoto disease (KFD), or histiocytic necrotising lymphadenitis, is a rare benign, self-limiting cervical lymphadenitis of unknown aetiology. It predominantly affects young women and can closely mimic infective and immunological disorders. There is also a rare but documented association with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We present the case of a young woman with biopsy-proven KD who was also diagnosed with SLE.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  531 50 -
EDITORIAL
Nutrition and autoimmunity
Anupam Wakhlu, Vikas Agarwal
March 2013, 8(1):1-2
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2013.01.006  
Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  446 89 -
FROM THE EDITORíS DESK
From the Editor's Desk
S Shankar
March 2013, 8(1):0-0
Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  435 75 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
Rheumatology quiz
Vivek Arya, Varun Dhir
March 2013, 8(1):37-38
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2013.01.003  
Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  397 90 -
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
A pathological spectrum of lupus nephritis: A view of 62 cases from a tertiary referral centre
Sujatha Siddappa
March 2013, 8(1):54-55
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2012.11.004  
Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub] [CITATIONS]
  393 50 1
IMAGES IN RHEUMATOLOGY
Multiple bone infarcts in a case of SLE
Krishnan Shanmuganandan, Sivasami Kartik, Atal Amar Tej, Calicut M Sreedhar, Mahesh Singh Chauhan
March 2013, 8(1):44-45
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2013.01.001  
Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  349 76 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
International publications of interest from India (October 2012-December 2012)
Vivek Arya
March 2013, 8(1):39-40
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2013.01.002  
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  379 34 -
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Fluorodeoxyglucose-PET guided biopsy
Ghan Shyam Pangtey
March 2013, 8(1):56-57
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2012.11.005  
Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  366 40 -
IMAGES IN RHEUMATOLOGY
Rheumatology reviews: January-March 2013
Sukhbir Uppal
March 2013, 8(1):46-53
DOI:10.1016/j.injr.2013.01.004  
Full text not available  [PDF]  [Mobile Full text]  [EPub]
  356 37 -